نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی دکتری روانشناسی عمومی، گروه روانشناسی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، واحد تهران شمال، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران
2 استادیار، گروه روانشناسی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، واحد تهران شمال، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران
3 استادیار، گروه روانشناسی، دانشکده علوم اجتماعی و فرهنگی، دانشگاه جامع امام حسین(ع)، تهران، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Aim: The present study aimed to investigate the mediating role of grit in the relationship between marital happiness, basic psychological needs, and spirituality with family resilience. Methods: The research had a descriptive correlational method, and its statistical population consisted of all 46257 married men and women working in the teaching staff of the department of education in Tehran in 2020 (32046 women and 14211 men). A sample of 420 individuals was selected according to Klein's theory (2016) using online non-random convenience sampling and they responded to the Sikbi Family Resilience Scale (2005), the marital happiness scale by Azarin et al. (1973), the basic psychological needs questionnaire by Lagarde et al. (2000), The spirituality questionnaire by Parsian and Dunning (2009), and the grit scale- short form (GRIT-S) by Dakworth and Quinn (2009). The proposed model was analyzed by a structural equation model using SPSS and AMOS 24. Results: The results indicated that direct paths of marital happiness (β= 0.309, and P=0.002), basic psychological needs (β=0.555 and P=0.001), spirituality (β=0.309 and P=0.001), and grit (β=0.632 and P=0.001) were significant on family resilience. Furthermore, indirect effects of marital happiness, basic psychological needs, and spirituality were significant on family resilience through the mediating role of grit (P= 0.01). Conclusion: The modified structural model of the research had a desirable and acceptable fit with the research data and it was an important step in identifying determinants of family resilience in married individuals.