The effectiveness of emotion-oriented therapy on self-efficacy and post-traumatic growth in women with breast cancer

Document Type : Original Article


1 M.A in Family Counseling, Department of Psychology and Educational Sciences, West Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 M.A of General Psychology, Hakim Nizami Non-Profit University, Qochan, Iran

3 M.A in general psychology, Aliabad Katul Branch, Islamic Azad University, Golestan, Iran

4 PhD Health Psychology, Department of Health Psychology, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran



Aim: Breast cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in the world. This disease has many negative and positive effects on the physical and mental health of patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of emotion-oriented therapy on self-efficacy and post-traumatic growth in women with breast cancer. Method: This research was semi-experimental (pre-test-post-test with a control group), the research participants included 30 women with breast cancer in Sari city (1400) who were selected by purposive sampling and through random assignment in two A group of 15 people were tested and tested. The instruments for measuring the variables were the general self-efficacy questionnaire by Schwarz and Jerusalem (1979) and the post-traumatic growth questionnaire by Tedeschi and Kallon (1996), which were completed by the participants. Then the participants of the experimental group participated in emotion-oriented therapy in 10 sessions of 60 minutes that lasted for ten weeks. But for the control group, treatment sessions were not performed, finally, the covariance analysis method was used to analyze the data. Results: Data analysis showed that after the implementation of the intervention, there was a significant difference between the control and experimental groups in both self-efficacy and post-traumatic growth variables (P ≥ 0.05). A significant difference was observed in the components of self-efficacy (general self-efficacy and social self-efficacy) and three components of post-traumatic growth (relationship with others, personal strength and value of life) between women with breast cancer in the experimental and control groups (P ≥ 0.05), but No significant difference was observed in the component of new facilities and spiritual changes. Conclusion: The use of emotion-oriented therapy is a suitable intervention to increase self-efficacy, post-traumatic growth in women with breast cancer, which can be used to improve psychological status and better cope with the disease and treatment.


Main Subjects

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof
Available Online from 22 December 2023
  • Receive Date: 30 June 2022
  • Revise Date: 19 March 2023
  • Accept Date: 29 December 2023