Effects of Cognitive based problem-solving skills on changing parenting styles and reducing parental anger

Document Type : Original Article


1 Professor of University of Tehran

2 Postdoctoral Research Fellow, University of British Columbia



Aim:The purpose of the present study was to study the efficacy of teaching cognitive problem-solving skills on parenting styles and reducing their anger towards children. Method: This study utilized a quasi-experimental research method with one group pretest and posttest design. Participants included 69 mothers of students in private preschools and elementary schools in Tehran that were selected with available sampling method. In these workshops held in nine sessions of two hours each, the parents became aware of efficient and inefficient methods of dealing with children's behavior and were carried out some exercises to improve the style of their response to the challenging behaviors of children. To evaluate the effectiveness of the program, the Parenting Styles Questionnaire and Anger Assessment Questionnaire were used. Results: Data analysis indicated that attending to the workshops had positive effects on the participants parenting strategies, leading to increase in the use of problem-solving strategies and reducing the use of dysfunctional parenting styles, such as suggestions without explanations, reprimanding and punishment. Nevertheless, data analysis failed to show a statistically significant difference in the reduction of parent's aggression towards their children. Conclusion: Accordingly, teaching problem-solving skills can be suggested to improve parenting styles and the quality of intra-family relationships.


Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript
Available Online from 23 October 2023
  • Receive Date: 10 January 2023
  • Revise Date: 04 March 2023
  • Accept Date: 04 November 2023