Comparing the effectiveness of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) and Compassion Focused Therapy (CFT) on tension headaches and blood pressure in women with somatic symptom disorder

Document Type : Original Article


1 PhD student, Department of Psychology, Birjand Branch, Islamic Azad University, Birjand, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Birjand Branch, Islamic Azad University, Birjand, Iran

3 Associate Professor of Psychology Department, Birjand Branch, Islamic Azad University, Birjand, Iran


Aim: The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) and Compassion Focused Therapy (CFT) on tension headaches and blood pressure in patients with physical symptoms disorder. Methods: This was a semi-experimental study with a pre-test, post-test and follow-up design with a witness group. The statistical population of the research included all women with physical symptoms disorder who referred to Sara counseling centers and Imam Zaman (AS) Helping Association in Isfahan city in the first half of 2021. And then, justifying the objectives of the research and having the consent to participate in the research, they were randomly placed in two experimental and control groups. The data were obtained using headache questionnaire and blood pressure measurement and were analyzed by repeated measurement analysis method and SPSS software. Results: The results showed that the treatment based on acceptance and commitment (ACT) was effective on tension headaches, systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure (p < 0.05). But compassion-focused therapy (CFT) was effective only on tension headaches (p<0.05). There was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of tension headaches (p<0.05). But the effect of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) was greater than Compassion Focused Therapy (CFT) in systolic and diastolic blood pressure. Conclusion: It can be concluded that the treatment based on acceptance and commitment had a greater effect compared to the treatment focused on compassion in the blood pressure of women with physical symptoms disorder and it can be considered as a suitable approach to improve the problems of these patients. used.


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