The effectiveness of compassion-based therapy on resilience and rumination of perceived anger and stress in women with hypertension

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Health Psychology, Kish International Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kish Island, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran

3 Department of psychology, Roudehen Branch, Islamic Azad ‏University, Roudehen, Iran


Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of compassion-based therapy on resilience and rumination of perceived anger and stress in women with hypertension. Method: The present study was an applied and quasi-experimental research using a pre-test, post-test and follow-up design with a control group. The statistical population of the present study consisted of all women with hypertension in Tehran. The sample of the present study was 30 people from the mentioned community who were selected by convenience sampling and randomly assigned to the experimental and control groups. Data were obtained using the Connor & Davidson (2003) Resilience Scale, the Sukhodolsky et al. (2001) Anger Rumination Scale, the Cohen et al. Perceived Stress Scale (1983), and the sphygmomanometer. Compassion-based therapy was performed in 10 sessions of 90 minutes based on the training package of Gilbert (2017). Data analysis was used in the descriptive statistics section: central indicators and dispersion indicators such as mean and standard deviation were used. Analysis of variance with repeated measures and SPSS.22 software were used. Results: The results showed the effectiveness of compassion-based therapy on resilience (F= 6.57, P<0.01), anger rumination (F= 9.27, P<0.01) and perceived stress (F=14.14, P<0.01) The difference is effective in women with high blood pressure. Conclusion: It can be concluded that compassion-based therapy was effective on resilience and rumination of perceived anger and stress in women with hypertension.


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