Comparison of the Effectiveness of the Mindfulness Parenting Training Program along with Parent Management Training (Combined Training) with Mindfulness Parenting Training and Parent Management Training alone on Coping Strategies and Marital Satisfaction in Mothers of Preschool Children

Document Type : Original Article


1 PhD student, Department of Counseling, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran

2 Professor, Department of Psychology, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran

3 Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran



Aim: The present study was conducted with the aim of comparing the effectiveness of the mindful parenting training program along with parent management training (combined training) with mindful parenting training and parent management training alone on coping strategies and marital satisfaction in mothers of preschool children. Methods: The current research was a quasi-experimental design with a pre-test, post-test and two-month follow-up with a control group. The statistical population included all the mothers of preschool children in Kashmir city in 2019-2020, from which 120 people were selected by purposive sampling and randomly assigned to four groups include 30 subjects that first group received Mindful Parenting Training and second group received Parent Management Training in 8 sessions 120 to 150 minuties weekley, and last group received Combined Training in 16 sessions 150 minutes, two sessions per week. Control group didn’t recived any program and was wait list. In all three stages of pre-test, post-test and follow-up, all people completed Enrich's (1989) marital satisfaction questionnaires and Lazarus and Folkman's (1984) coping strategies. Finally, the data were analyzed by repeated measurement variance analysis methods with the help of SPSSV19 software. Results: The results showed that none of the educational methods were effective in marital satisfaction (F=0/08, P=0.98). This was despite the fact that in two problem-oriented (F= 6/97, P= 0/0001) and emotion-oriented strategies (F= 8/14, P= 0/001), this amount was significant. This means that in the post-test and follow-up phases, the combined training of parent management and mindful parenting was more effective. Conclusion: The findings of the research show that the combined training of mindful parenting and parenting management training can reduce emotion-oriented strategies and increase problem-oriented strategies, but it has no effect on marital satisfaction, so the awareness of parents, teachers, counselors, psychologists and other professionals about these trainings can be helpful


Main Subjects

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