Investigating the causes of Maladjustment in marital interactions (qualitative study)

Document Type : Original Article


1 PhD student in counseling, Khomeini Shahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Khomeini Shahr, Isfahan, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Counseling Department, Khomeini Shahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Khomeini Shahr, Isfahan, Iran


Aim: The purpose of this study is to investigate the causes of maladjustment in couple interactions. Method: This study was conducted with a qualitative method and thematic analysis method. The sampling method was purposeful and up to the point of saturation, so that 20 maladjustment couples were selected based on the entry and exit criteria and were interviewed. The research tool was semi-structured in-depth interview. Findings: The collected data were analyzed with the help of thematic analysis and MAXQDA.2018 software. After analyzing the content of the data, seven central categories were obtained, which in order of importance were the lack of communication skills (inconsistency of verbal and non-verbal behavior, weak conversation skills, vague boundaries, weak listening skills), impenetrability (lack of flexibility, lack of agreement, arrogance) lack of demarcation in the main family (triangulation, condemning, intervention), economic factors (financial problems, heavy dowry, inflation), devaluation (undervaluing, non-acceptance, judging), intolerance of distress (lack of control) Anger, acting emotionally, having hatred) and forced marriage (adherence to tribal relations, adherence to customs). Conclusion: In couple interactions, the obtained categories are the causes of marital maladjustment.


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