Comparison of the Effectiveness of Reality Therapy and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy on Depression and Adjustment in Post-Abortion Women

Document Type : Original Article


1 Ph.D. Student, Department of Psychology, UAE Branch, Islamic Azad University, Dubai, United Arab Emirates

2 Professor, Department of Psychology, Allameh Tabatabai, Tehran, Iran

3 Professor, Department of Psychology, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran


Objective: This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of reality therapy and cognitive behavioral therapy on depression and women's adaptation after abortion. Methods: The research method was quasi-experimental of pre-test, post-test and follow-up with a control group. The statistical population in this study included women after abortion who referred to a gynecologist in one of the gynecology and obstetrics clinics in the western part of Tehran, who after diagnosis (receiving treatment inquiry); Using the available sampling method, 45 people were selected and using a completely random method, they were divided into 3 groups of 15 people and were replaced in 3 groups: first experiment (15), second experiment (15) and control (15). The data collection instrument was a questionnaire, coping strategies and agreeableness, supplemented by women. Educational interventions were implemented with pre-established targets for women and the questionnaires were again executed and data analysis was carried out 50 days later. Results: The results showed that behavioral cognitive therapy and reality therapy was effective on depression (P<0.01) and adjustment (P<0.01) in post-abortion women. Also, the results showed that cognitive-behavioral therapy has a better effect on the components of health adjustment, social adjustment, emotional adjustment and job adjustment than reality therapy. Conclusion: It can be concluded that behavioral cognitive therapy and reality therapy was effective on depression and adjustment and can be used for post-abortion women.


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